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The Holy Spirit

God’s Spirit is known by different names, among which are the following: The Spirit (John 7:39), the Spirit of God (Gen. 1:2), The Spirit of the Lord (Isa. 11:2), the Spirit of the Father (Matt. 10:20), the Spirit of Christ (Rom. 8:9), the Spirit of the Son (Gal. 4:6), the Holy Spirit (Ps. 51:11), the eternal Spirit (Heb. 9:14), the Comforter (John 14:16), the Spirit of grace (Zech. 12:10), the Spirit of truth (John 14:17), the Spirit of holiness (Rom. 1:4), the Spirit of life (John 6:63; Rom. 8:2), the Spirit of adoption (Rom. 8:15), The Spirit of wisdom and understanding (Isa. 11:2), the Spirit of counsel and might (Isa. 11:2), the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord (Isa. 11:2), the Spirit of glory (1 Pet. 4:14), and the Spirit of prophecy (Rev. 19:10; John 16:13).

God reveals Himself in different ways through the Holy Spirit. These revelations take the form of various ministries of the Spirit, of which the following are the most important:

The Spirit who convicts of sin and righteousness and judgement

When the Holy Spirit communicates with a person He convicts him of his sins, of the righteousness of Jesus Christ and of the judgements proclaimed over the devil and all the wicked people (John 16:8-11). All people are sinners (Rom. 3:10-12). The biggest sin is to reject the Lord Jesus as Saviour and Son of God (Matt. 23:32-38). God’s righteousness demands a life which meets the standard of His holiness (1 Pet. 1:15). When people fail to meet this standard because they are slaves of sin, God’s justice demands the death penalty upon sinners (Rom. 6:23; Ezek. 18:4). This ruling condemns the entire humanity before God (Rom. 3:10). Only the Lord Jesus led a perfect life in accordance with the righteousness of God. Through His death on the cross He served the death penalty on behalf of all sinners, thereby satisfying God’s demand of a just punishment for sin. The righteousness of God is imputed to all people who believe in the substitutionary death of Christ (Rom. 5:17). Our garment of sin is laid on Him, while we are clothed with His garment of righteousness when we accept Him as our Saviour. Many people still try to establish their own righteousness based on a good life, thereby rejecting the very heart of the gospel of the cross (Rom. 10:3). Such people glory in their good works and church membership, but resist the Holy Spirit when He wants to convict them of the righteousness of God through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. The death and resurrection of Jesus was also a judgement upon Satan (John 12:31), as Christ triumphed over these dark powers (Col. 2:15). Although Satan was defeated, he is still engaged in an active battle against all Christians (1 Pet. 5:8); but he is a condemned enemy of God whose fate has already been determined (Rev. 20:2,7-10). All people who collaborate with him in his rebellion against God will share his judgement in hell  (Rev. 20:10,15).

The Spirit of grace and supplication

The Holy Spirit works in the lives of all people who hear the gospel message and moves them to humble themselves with sorrow, under conviction of sin and in brokenness of heart, before the Saviour, Jesus Christ, to pray for His saving grace. The Lord is near to those who have a broken heart and a contrite spirit (Ps. 34:18; 51:17). During the coming tribulation, the Spirit of grace and supplication will be poured out over Israel (Zech. 12:10).

The Spirit who gives life

“It is the Spirit who gives life” (John 6:63). He regenerates repentant sinners who were dead in their sins and trespasses, to give them new life (Rom. 8:2; 2 Cor. 5:17). Unsaved people are spiritually dead, and are made alive by the Holy Spirit when they repent and trust the Lord to save their souls. Saved people have passed from death to life (John 5:24; Eph. 5:14). When we are born again, the Holy Spirit baptises us into the body of Christ (1 Cor. 12:13).

The Spirit who endues with power

After the Spirit of God has regenerated us by virtue of the saving grace of Christ, we must be filled with the power of the Holy Spirit for the following three reasons:

1.    It empowers us to be effective witnesses of Christ (Acts. 1:8). Without this enduement with power from on high we cannot work for the Lord.

2.    We need the power of the Lord to grow from a weak babe in Christ to a mature man or woman in Christ (Eph. 4:13-14). We must gain insight into the deeper things of the Lord to be able to walk the path of faith with boldness and confidence.

3.    We need the power of the Lord to be strong for the struggle against the kingdom of darkness (Eph. 6:10-11). It is only when we are filled with the Spirit that we will have the strength to withstand the temptations to sin (Gal. 5:16).

The Spirit who equips for service

When the Holy Spirit fills the believers He also gives them gifts to equip them for particular ministries or service in the body of Christ (Rom. 12:4-8; 1 Pet. 4:10). The one may have a gift of teaching, another of intercession or encouragement, but everything must be done in a spirit of love as that is the greatest gift of all. We should actively practise our gifts and not be restrained by fear of people to do so (1 Tim. 4:14; 2 Tim. 1:6-7). The Holy Spirit Himself will decide on which gifts to give to people (1 Cor. 12:4-11). These gifts may be widely diverging, as many support services are needed in proclaiming and spreading the gospel message throughout the world.

The Spirit of fruitful service

All saved people are commanded to bear spiritual fruit to the glory of God and the extension of His kingdom (Matt. 3:8; Rom. 6:22). Nine fruits of the Spirit are mentioned (Gal. 5:22-23). Our relationship with God must be characterised by His love which is poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit (Rom. 5:5), by the joy of the Lord because He has saved our souls and by His peace that surpasses all understanding. Towards our fellow men we must be long-suffering by continually praying for them and being slow to condemn them; we must also be friendly and strive to do good to them in various ways. As individuals we must be faithful in the execution of our duties, while having a gentle and teachable spirit, and always practise self-control.

The Spirit who guides and sanctifies us

The Holy Spirit is leading and helping us. He gives us a consciousness of the continued presence and indwelling of the Lord in our lives, so we never have to feel alone. We should realise that our body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, and that we are under an obligation to lead holy lives (1 Cor. 3:16-17; 2 Cor. 7:1).

The Spirit of wisdom

The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of wisdom (Isa. 11:2). He gives us enlightened eyes of our understanding (Eph. 1:17-18; Ps. 147:5). Should we have doubts on any matter we must ask God for wisdom (Jas, 1:5). In the Triune God is hidden all treasures of wisdom and knowledge (Col. 2:3). The Lord wants to guide and instruct you through His Spirit (Ps. 32:8).

The Spirit of truth

We must know and observe the whole truth about the way of the Lord, and for that purpose we need the Spirit of truth to guide us into the whole truth of God’s Word (John 16:13; 1 John 2: 27). The truth of God has the power to set us free (John 8:32), but for that to be realised we need an intensive knowledge of and faith in the Bible. Only then will we walk in the light of the Word and have a well-developed ability of discernment under the guidance of the Holy Spirit (1 John 4:1-6).

The Spirit of prophecy

John 16:13 says that the Holy Spirit will reveal to us things to come. He gives us an expectation of the Second Coming of Jesus, and helps us to understand Biblical prophecies and to rightly divide the word of truth (2 Tim. 2:15). Do not despise prophecies (1 Thess. 5:20). By observing the fulfilment of Biblical prophecies the Holy Spirit is preparing us for future events. If we have this outlook we will not lose our expectation of the Lord’s imminent coming and hence not fall asleep spiritually during the midnight hour of this dispensation.

The Holy Spirit Himself warns us against great spiritual deception and departing from the faith that will occur in the end-time (1 Tim. 4:1). The deception will be driven by Satan’s spirit of error (1 John 4:6), who will have many false prophets at his disposal (1 John 4:1). Sensational signs and wonders will be used by them, as well as extra-Biblical revelations on what God allegedly said to the “prophet” or “apostle.” In this way, a distorted presentation will be given of Jesus, of the gospel message and of the Holy Spirit (2 Cor. 11:4). The Holy Spirit, who guides faithful children of God in all the truth of the Word, and also helps us to discern truth and error, is clearly warning us against these end-time phenomena (John 16:13).

Personal commitment

I am full of gratitude to the Holy Spirit for having convicted me of my sin and lost state, and for the forgiveness and righteousness that is offered to me through the death of Jesus Christ on the cross. After I accepted His friendly invitation of salvation in faith, He baptised me into the body of Christ through rebirth. I am full of praise for the Lord’s work of grace through the Holy Spirit, who also meets all my needs: he dethrones the flesh and fills my heart and whole being; He endues me with power from on high to enable me to be a witness for Jesus; He gives me enlightened eyes of the mind to understand the Bible and to be able to discern all things from a spiritual perspective; and He gives me peace in my heart when I take the right decisions. I commit myself to a life of obedience to God when He leads me through His Spirit, and also to self-discipline to refrain from doing things that will grieve the Holy Spirit. May I daily walk in the Spirit in such a way that I will never fulfil the lust of the flesh. I thank God for a life of victory under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.


1.    Name and discuss five descriptive names of the Holy Spirit.

2.    Of what does the Holy Spirit convict us?

3.    What is the role of the Spirit in the work that we have to do for the Lord?

4.    What is the function of the Holy Spirit in Biblical prophecies?

5.    Where in the NT is it mentioned that the Holy Spirit has an eternal existence?

Prof. Johan Malan

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study

by Dwight Lyman Moody

We cannot overestimate the importance of a thorough familiarity with the Bible. I try to lose no opportunity of urging people by every means in my power to the constant study of this wonderful Book. If through the pages that follow, I can reach still others and rouse them to read their Bibles, not at random but with a plan and purpose, I shall be indeed thankful.

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Group or Individual Bible Study Guides
Studies available in English & Afrikaans.

An Old Testament Type of Jesus

Joshua played an important role in Israel after they had been delivered from Egypt, thereby preparing him for his future role as leader when they crossed the Jordan to take possession of the Promised Land. His conquests in Canaan rendered proof that he was a special instrument in the hand of the Lord. Joshua was an Old Testament type of Jesus, who was sent by the Father to accomplish a much greater purpose, i.e. to deliver people all over the world from the bondage of sin.

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’n Ou-Testamentiese Tipe van Jesus

Josua het ’n belangrike rol in Israel se geskiedenis gespeel nadat hulle uit Egipte bevry is, en dit het hom voorberei om as leier op te tree toe hulle deur die Jordaan getrek het om die Beloofde Land in besit te neem. Sy oorwinningstogte in Kanaän het van hom ’n beson­dere instrument in die hand van die Here gemaak. Josua was ’n Ou-Testamentiese tipe van Jesus wat deur die Vader gestuur is vir ’n veel groter doel, naamlik om mense oral in die wêreld uit die slawerny van sonde te bevry.

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Die Bybel in Geheel

Die Bybel in Geheel

Hierdie is 'n kort oorsig om vir jou 'n duideliker prentjie te skets voordat jy in diepte met Bybelstudie begin. Hierdie Bybel in Geheel studie, is 'n studie van die hele Bybel. Dit neem jou deur elke boek van die Bybel om vir jou 'n kort oorsig te gee oor elke boek, deur wie dit geskryf was en waarom dit geskryf was en lig ook dan belangrike dele uit en som die boek in kort op. Met hierdie notas saam sal verdere studies van die Bybel baie meer vir jou sin maak en help om sekere konsepte beter te verstaan.
Die Bybel in Geheel

Kort Oorsig

Die waarde van die Bybel / Om die Bybel te verstaan / Bybelse Uitdrukkings.

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Die Bybel in Geheel - DEEL 1

Die Ou Testament

Die Ou Testament kan in 3 Dele opgedeel word: Deel 1 – Geskiedenis – Genesis tot Ester Deel 2 – Wysheid & Digkuns – Job tot Hooglied Deel 3 – Profesieë – Jesaja tot Maleagi

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Die Bybel in Geheel - DEEL 2

Die Nuwe Testament

Die Evangelies is seker die mees bekendste deel van die Bybel. Baie mense ken dele van die Evangelies maar min mense verstaan die omvang en doel van hierdie vier boeke.

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Studies Concerning the subject of Holiness

Holiness is a characteristic that is often talked about but hardly understood as to how it can be obtained. Too often holiness is considered an attribute of God that is not attainable to man. Holiness is considered something impossible.
1. Personal Holiness

2. The Holiness of God

3. Putting Sin to Death, Pursuing Holiness

4. Trained in Godliness

5. True Humility

6. Contentment

7. Self-Control

Open Studies

13 Studies in Christelike Heiligheid

13 Studies in Christelike Heiligheid

Hierdie 13 Wesleyaanse lesings oor heiligmaking is opgestel om weekliks oor ‘n tydperk van drie maande aangebied te word.

Sien Studies

Eerste Beginsels van die Christelike Lewe

Bybelstudie Reeks

Hierdie kursus is uitgewerk vir enigeen wat die Here Jesus aangeneem het as sy persoonlike Saligmaker. Dit is ook vir diè wat andere wil help om te groei in die geestelike lewe. Die doel van die leerplan is om u gebalanseerd te maak in die Christelike lewe. Dit beklemtoon dat u geestelike ondervinding prakties moet uitwerk in u daaglikse lewe.

Hierdie studies is ideaal vir sondagskool of ander groep studies.

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'n Studie oor Heiligmaking

Die leer oor heiligmaking as 'n tweede genadewerk ná bekering help alle Christene om tot geestelike volwassenheid op te groei.

Hier is 12 studies wat in diepte kyk na hierdie onderwerp. Die studies is ook as klank studies beskikbaar.
1. Die Behoefte aan Heiligmaking
2. Die Stryd Teen Vleeslikheid
3. Die Eise van Dissipelskap
4. Oorwinning Oor die Vlees: Die Stap van Heiligmaking
5. Oorwinning Oor Swakhede: Die Proses van Heiligmaking
6. Vervulling met die Heilige Gees
7. Volkome Heiligmaking
8. Die Wil van God
9. Gawes en Vrug van die Gees
10. Bedieninge van die Heilige Gees
11. Die pelgrimsreis van God se Volk
12. Heiligmaking en die Wederkoms

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Discipling New Believers
English & Afrikaans FREE printable studies.

8 Week study program

This can be used as a weekly study for new believers. These studies will help with assurance of salvation and will grow their Bible knowledge. These are the very basics of the Christian faith and will ensure a firm foundation. Give this to a young believer and go through all the answers with the person each week. Make sure they memorized the scriptures each week. Use the study's questions to lead conversations on subjects that the person do not yet understand.

All 8 studies in one
Study 1 ot 8

8 Weke studie program

Gebruik die kort studies om weekliks deur te gaan met 'n nuwe Christen. Dit sal hulle sekerheid gee en hulle Bybel kennis verbreed sodat hulle op 'n vaste fondasie kan bou. Gee dit weekliks vir die persoon en gaan dit dan saam met hulle deur elke week nadat hulle dit ingevul het. Toets hul teks memorisering Gebruik die vrae in die studies as leiding tot nodige gesprekke daar waar die persoon dalk dinge nie verstaan nie.

Al 8 studies in een
Studie 1 ot 8
Precept Ministries International

Precept Ministries International


The ministry’s goal is to equip and encourage people to live as exemplary followers of Jesus Christ, studying the Bible inductively, viewing the world Biblically, making disciples intentionally and serving the church faithfully in the power of the Holy Spirit.

Through workshops, conferences and Bible classes the ministry provides training in Inductive Bible Study skills, which includes leading dynamic small group discussions. Inductive Bible study materials are available in nearly 70 languages. Hundreds of thousands of men, women, teens and children in close to 150 countries discover Truth for themselves using the Inductive Bible Study Method through the work of Precept Ministries.

Precept Ministries - Lightning Studies

FREE downloadable Lightning Study topics offer a “print friendly” option for you to have a practical example of how Inductive Bible Study works during your personal devotion times or even with your small group.

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Read and download these free booklets

Also great for group or personal Bible study.
Biblical Decision Making
Is it God’s will to “find” His will?
Exactly how should you go about making good, God-honoring decisions?

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The Companionship Principle
Bringing Biblical Sanity to the Insanity of Dating
The real reason dating is often "insane" is Christian young people and parents have never consciously shaped their understanding of "dating" with the Bible.

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Dinge van Belang
Dinge van Belang vir jong Christene
Hulp en raad aan jong Christene. Die boekie is vol waardevolle wenke en waarskuwings om jou te help op jou pad saam met die Here.

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Identifying False Teachers
A Biblical Checklist for Identifying False Teachers in the Church
The purpose of this booklet is simple: to give you a checklist so that you can identify and avoid Christian leaders whom God would call false.

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Testing Today's Prophecy
Does today's "prophecy" measure up to biblical standards?
Should Christians accept the modern prophecy movement as a new work of God’s Spirit?

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Articles on Bible Reading & Study

"Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path."  - Psalm 119:105

The Prophetic Books of the Old Testament have been fitted into the narrative at the place where they are thought to have been written. The Epistles have been inserted into the Book of Acts in a like manner.
Praktiese wenke vir jong Christene.
Practical tips for young Christians.
by Rev. R. A. Torrey
Questions to ask when reading the Bible.
Vrae om te vra wanneer jy die Bybel lees.