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Jesus Christ

God revealed Himself to the world through His Son. Everyone who has seen Him has seen the Father (John 14:7-11), “for in Him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily” (Col. 2:9). It is important to know that during His incarnation Jesus only temporarily left His heavenly glory and humbled Himself to take the form of a servant who died on the cross for our sins (Phil. 2:6-9). As a man He parted with His glory but not with His status and power as God, which accounts for the fact that He was Emmanuel – God with us (Isa. 7:14; Matt. 1:23). From a study of the different names, titles and offices of the Lord Jesus we will clearly understand who He is, for what reasons He came to the earth, what He does on our behalf in the heaven at present, and what will happen when He returns to earth during His Second Coming.

The names of the Lord Jesus can be placed in the following four categories:

1. His personal name

The Name Jesus (The Lord is salvation; Heb. Yeshua) was given by God the Father to His Son. For Him to be, according to God’s standards, the Saviour of Israel and the whole world, Jesus had to be the perfect God-man. He had to be born as a human being (from the royal lineage of David in Israel’s tribe of Judah) to be the Son of man. Nevertheless, He could not be procreated by a man as He could have no part in the original sin of the human race. By God’s intervention He had to be born of a virgin to also be the Son of God (Luke 1:27,35).

2. His name as God

In His capacity as God Jesus is equal to and one with the Father (John 10:30; 14:9), and can, therefore, also be referred to as Lord. It is important to address Him in this capacity when we pray or talk about Him. During the outpouring of the Holy Spirit the apostles received the full revelation of the deity of Jesus, and in the light of this knowledge refer to Him as “the Lord Jesus” (Eph. 1:15), “our God and Saviour Jesus Christ” (2 Pet. 1:1), and “the true God and eternal life” (1 John 5:20). Every tongue will confess that He is Lord (Phil. 2:9-11).

3. His official name

The Lord Jesus is also the Anointed One (Heb. Mashiach [Messiah]; Gr. Christos [Christ]) who was anointed by the Spirit of the Lord for His mission to save lost humanity by proclaiming liberty to the captives of Satan (Isa. 61:1; John 1:41). Christ is an inclusive official title that combines eight titles that can only be fulfilled by Himself. The offices for which Christ was anointed, and the titles associated with them, are as follows:

3.1.  Lamb of God

The most important reason why Jesus Christ was anointed and sent into the world was to redeem fallen humanity from their sins. To be able to do this, He had to come in the likeness of man so that He could offer Himself as a sacrifice for our sins by shedding His blood and physically dying on the cross. He had to become the sacrificial Lamb of God (Heb. 10:4-5,7,10). John the Baptist introduced Him as the Lamb of God (John 1:29). Long ago, Isaiah prepared the people of Israel for the great sacrifice of the Lamb of God (Isa. 53:5-7). No contemplation of Him is adequate without appreciating the profound significance of His shed blood (Rom. 3:25-27).

  • Our salvation and rebirth is based on the blood (Rom. 5:9; Eph. 1:7; 1 Pet. 1:18-19; Rev. 1:5).
  • Our continued cleansing is also based on the blood (1 John 1:7; Heb. 9:14; 10:12,19; 1 Cor. 5:6-7).
  • The blood is a mighty weapon against the attacks of the enemy (Rev. 12:11).
    • The light of the world. He is the true light who gives light to all people. Everyone who follows Him shall not walk in darkness (John 1:4,9; 8:12).
    • The Word of God. He is the Word who became flesh that by His death on the cross He could be the Saviour of fallen humanity (John 1:1,14; Heb. 10:10; 1 John 5:7; Rev. 19:13).
    • The bread and water of life. He is the true bread and water of life who alone can satisfy the deep spiritual needs of humanity (John 6:33-35).
    • The rock and foundation. He is the solid Rock upon which the lives of all Christians are built. That is why we can stand firm even in the midst of the most severe storms in life (1 Cor. 3:11; Matt. 7:24-27; Ps. 40:2).
    • The way, the truth and the life. He is the only way to heaven as He alone can give us eternal life. His promises are true (John 11:25-26; 14:6; 2 Cor. 1:20).
    • The true vine. The life in Christ is like a branch in the vine, which bears much fruit. The life comes from Him for without Him we can do nothing (John 15:1-2,5).
    • The Wisdom of God. He reveals the wisdom of God to us and gives us enlightened eyes of our understanding to have spiritual discernment (1 Cor. 1:23,24,30; Eph. 1:18; Col. 2:3).
    • The Advocate. When Christians are sinning and confess and forsake their sins, Jesus acts as their Advocate at God’s throne (1 John 2:1) where Satan also accuses them (Rev. 12:10).
    • The Conqueror. He conquered the enemy and will crush him under our feet (Rom. 16:20). In Christ Jesus we can be more than conquerors (Rom. 8:37).
      • The Sanctifier. He does not only save us but also sanctifies us so we can live victoriously and appear before Him one day without blemish (1 Cor. 1:30; 5:7-8; Eph. 5:25-27; 1 Thess. 4:3,7).
      • The Bright and Morning Star. In Him we have the sure hope on a new day that will dawn over this dark world during His Second Coming (Rev. 2:28; 22:16; cf. 2 Pet. 1:19).
      • The Bridegroom. What a blessed hope we have as the bride of the heavenly Bridegroom to look forward to our union with Him, and then to be with Him forever (Matt. 25:1-13; 2 Cor. 11:2-3; 1 Thess. 4:16-17).

The capacity of Christ as the Lamb of God who laid down His life for sinners, forms the basis of all His offices. Because He paid the ransom for our sins, He can act as Prophet, High Priest, Mediator, Servant, Shepherd, Head of His redeemed Church, and King over His inheritance. He is also qualified to be Judge of His own servants appointed by Him, and on judgement day will judge all who have rejected or neglected His atoning sacrifice on the cross.

3.2  Prophet

A prophet is a person whom God inspires to declare His word, His will and His judgements through preaching the truth. Jesus Christ was a great prophet. Among His greatest sermons are the Sermon on the Mount, the parables and His prophetic discourse. He revealed great truths about God’s plan for humanity, which were kept secret from the foundation of the world (Matt. 13:35; Luke 8:1).

3.3  High Priest and Mediator

Jesus Christ is the High Priest and Mediator of the New Covenant, of which He is also the surety (Heb. 7:22; 8:1-6; 9:15). In that He Himself has suffered by being tempted, He is able to aid those who are tempted (Heb. 2:17-18; 4:15-16). As High Priest and Mediator He is our Advocate at the Father’s throne (1 John 2:1-2).

3.4  Servant

Jesus is the Servant of God who came to earth to do the great work of salvation for all nations (Isa. 49:5-6; 50:10). The characteristics of a servant are humility and submission in the service of his master, and for that reason Jesus strongly warned His disciples against self-exalting pride (Mark 10:42-45; cf. Phil. 2:5-9).

3.5  Shepherd

As the Shepherd of His flock, Jesus Christ is totally committed to their well-being since He has redeemed them at such a great cost (John 10:11). He gives them a firm assurance of salvation (John 10:7,9). He promised them abundant life (John 10:10), and also assured them that He will never leave nor forsake them (Heb. 13:5; Isa. 40:10-11).

3.6  Head of His church

Jesus Christ is the Head of His church (Eph. 1:22). The unity between Him and His church is likened to a marriage relationship (Eph. 5:23). From Eph. 5:25-27 it is evident that Christ not only cleansed the church but also sanctified her to present her to Himself holy and without blemish.

3.7  King

The Lord Jesus has all power in heaven and on earth (Matt. 28:18) and worthily holds the office of King. In this dispensation, the nations have rebelled against His authority as they were deceived by Satan (2 Cor. 4:4). This situation will radically change when the King returns to earth at the end of the great tribulation (Ps. 2:1-12; Rev. 11:15; 19:11-21; Acts 15:16-17; Isa. 9:6).

3.8  Judge

All Christians will appear before the judgement seat of Christ to give account of their lives after salvation (2 Cor. 5:10; Rom. 14:10,12). During the coming tribulation period, His wrath will be poured out upon the wicked people (Rev. 6:16-17). After the millennium He will be the Judge of all lost people of all ages (Acts 17:30-31; Rev. 20:11-15).

 4. His descriptive names

There are many descriptive names of the Lord Jesus in the Bible. These names emphasise particular aspects of His Person and works, so that we may know and understand Him better and love Him more. The following are a few examples of these names:

Personal commitment

My prayer is that I will be a dedicated follower of the Lord Jesus Christ, that I will be continually cleansed by His precious blood (1 John 1:7), that I will grow in His grace and knowledge (2 Pet. 3:18), that I will never fail Him by denying His virgin birth, His deity, the great significance of His death on the cross or the promises of His Second Coming – that I will put on the Lord Jesus daily and not make provision for the flesh to fulfil its lusts (Rom. 13:14). “Now thanks be to God who always leads us in triumph in Christ, and through us diffuses the fragrance of His knowledge in every place” (2 Cor. 2:14).


1.    What is the meaning of the name Jesus?

2.    Explain the deity of Jesus.

3.    Name and discuss three offices of Christ

4.    What is the significance of the blood of Christ that was shed?

5.    Name and discuss three descriptive names of Christ

Prof. Johan Malan

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study

by Dwight Lyman Moody

We cannot overestimate the importance of a thorough familiarity with the Bible. I try to lose no opportunity of urging people by every means in my power to the constant study of this wonderful Book. If through the pages that follow, I can reach still others and rouse them to read their Bibles, not at random but with a plan and purpose, I shall be indeed thankful.

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Group or Individual Bible Study Guides
Studies available in English & Afrikaans.

An Old Testament Type of Jesus

Joshua played an important role in Israel after they had been delivered from Egypt, thereby preparing him for his future role as leader when they crossed the Jordan to take possession of the Promised Land. His conquests in Canaan rendered proof that he was a special instrument in the hand of the Lord. Joshua was an Old Testament type of Jesus, who was sent by the Father to accomplish a much greater purpose, i.e. to deliver people all over the world from the bondage of sin.

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’n Ou-Testamentiese Tipe van Jesus

Josua het ’n belangrike rol in Israel se geskiedenis gespeel nadat hulle uit Egipte bevry is, en dit het hom voorberei om as leier op te tree toe hulle deur die Jordaan getrek het om die Beloofde Land in besit te neem. Sy oorwinningstogte in Kanaän het van hom ’n beson­dere instrument in die hand van die Here gemaak. Josua was ’n Ou-Testamentiese tipe van Jesus wat deur die Vader gestuur is vir ’n veel groter doel, naamlik om mense oral in die wêreld uit die slawerny van sonde te bevry.

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Die Bybel in Geheel

Die Bybel in Geheel

Hierdie is 'n kort oorsig om vir jou 'n duideliker prentjie te skets voordat jy in diepte met Bybelstudie begin. Hierdie Bybel in Geheel studie, is 'n studie van die hele Bybel. Dit neem jou deur elke boek van die Bybel om vir jou 'n kort oorsig te gee oor elke boek, deur wie dit geskryf was en waarom dit geskryf was en lig ook dan belangrike dele uit en som die boek in kort op. Met hierdie notas saam sal verdere studies van die Bybel baie meer vir jou sin maak en help om sekere konsepte beter te verstaan.
Die Bybel in Geheel

Kort Oorsig

Die waarde van die Bybel / Om die Bybel te verstaan / Bybelse Uitdrukkings.

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Die Bybel in Geheel - DEEL 1

Die Ou Testament

Die Ou Testament kan in 3 Dele opgedeel word: Deel 1 – Geskiedenis – Genesis tot Ester Deel 2 – Wysheid & Digkuns – Job tot Hooglied Deel 3 – Profesieë – Jesaja tot Maleagi

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Die Bybel in Geheel - DEEL 2

Die Nuwe Testament

Die Evangelies is seker die mees bekendste deel van die Bybel. Baie mense ken dele van die Evangelies maar min mense verstaan die omvang en doel van hierdie vier boeke.

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Studies Concerning the subject of Holiness

Holiness is a characteristic that is often talked about but hardly understood as to how it can be obtained. Too often holiness is considered an attribute of God that is not attainable to man. Holiness is considered something impossible.
1. Personal Holiness

2. The Holiness of God

3. Putting Sin to Death, Pursuing Holiness

4. Trained in Godliness

5. True Humility

6. Contentment

7. Self-Control

Open Studies

13 Studies in Christelike Heiligheid

13 Studies in Christelike Heiligheid

Hierdie 13 Wesleyaanse lesings oor heiligmaking is opgestel om weekliks oor ‘n tydperk van drie maande aangebied te word.

Sien Studies

Eerste Beginsels van die Christelike Lewe

Bybelstudie Reeks

Hierdie kursus is uitgewerk vir enigeen wat die Here Jesus aangeneem het as sy persoonlike Saligmaker. Dit is ook vir diè wat andere wil help om te groei in die geestelike lewe. Die doel van die leerplan is om u gebalanseerd te maak in die Christelike lewe. Dit beklemtoon dat u geestelike ondervinding prakties moet uitwerk in u daaglikse lewe.

Hierdie studies is ideaal vir sondagskool of ander groep studies.

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'n Studie oor Heiligmaking

Die leer oor heiligmaking as 'n tweede genadewerk ná bekering help alle Christene om tot geestelike volwassenheid op te groei.

Hier is 12 studies wat in diepte kyk na hierdie onderwerp. Die studies is ook as klank studies beskikbaar.
1. Die Behoefte aan Heiligmaking
2. Die Stryd Teen Vleeslikheid
3. Die Eise van Dissipelskap
4. Oorwinning Oor die Vlees: Die Stap van Heiligmaking
5. Oorwinning Oor Swakhede: Die Proses van Heiligmaking
6. Vervulling met die Heilige Gees
7. Volkome Heiligmaking
8. Die Wil van God
9. Gawes en Vrug van die Gees
10. Bedieninge van die Heilige Gees
11. Die pelgrimsreis van God se Volk
12. Heiligmaking en die Wederkoms

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Discipling New Believers
English & Afrikaans FREE printable studies.

8 Week study program

This can be used as a weekly study for new believers. These studies will help with assurance of salvation and will grow their Bible knowledge. These are the very basics of the Christian faith and will ensure a firm foundation. Give this to a young believer and go through all the answers with the person each week. Make sure they memorized the scriptures each week. Use the study's questions to lead conversations on subjects that the person do not yet understand.

All 8 studies in one
Study 1 ot 8

8 Weke studie program

Gebruik die kort studies om weekliks deur te gaan met 'n nuwe Christen. Dit sal hulle sekerheid gee en hulle Bybel kennis verbreed sodat hulle op 'n vaste fondasie kan bou. Gee dit weekliks vir die persoon en gaan dit dan saam met hulle deur elke week nadat hulle dit ingevul het. Toets hul teks memorisering Gebruik die vrae in die studies as leiding tot nodige gesprekke daar waar die persoon dalk dinge nie verstaan nie.

Al 8 studies in een
Studie 1 ot 8
Precept Ministries International

Precept Ministries International


The ministry’s goal is to equip and encourage people to live as exemplary followers of Jesus Christ, studying the Bible inductively, viewing the world Biblically, making disciples intentionally and serving the church faithfully in the power of the Holy Spirit.

Through workshops, conferences and Bible classes the ministry provides training in Inductive Bible Study skills, which includes leading dynamic small group discussions. Inductive Bible study materials are available in nearly 70 languages. Hundreds of thousands of men, women, teens and children in close to 150 countries discover Truth for themselves using the Inductive Bible Study Method through the work of Precept Ministries.

Precept Ministries - Lightning Studies

FREE downloadable Lightning Study topics offer a “print friendly” option for you to have a practical example of how Inductive Bible Study works during your personal devotion times or even with your small group.

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Read and download these free booklets

Also great for group or personal Bible study.
Biblical Decision Making
Is it God’s will to “find” His will?
Exactly how should you go about making good, God-honoring decisions?

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The Companionship Principle
Bringing Biblical Sanity to the Insanity of Dating
The real reason dating is often "insane" is Christian young people and parents have never consciously shaped their understanding of "dating" with the Bible.

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Dinge van Belang
Dinge van Belang vir jong Christene
Hulp en raad aan jong Christene. Die boekie is vol waardevolle wenke en waarskuwings om jou te help op jou pad saam met die Here.

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Identifying False Teachers
A Biblical Checklist for Identifying False Teachers in the Church
The purpose of this booklet is simple: to give you a checklist so that you can identify and avoid Christian leaders whom God would call false.

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Testing Today's Prophecy
Does today's "prophecy" measure up to biblical standards?
Should Christians accept the modern prophecy movement as a new work of God’s Spirit?

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Articles on Bible Reading & Study

"Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path."  - Psalm 119:105

The Prophetic Books of the Old Testament have been fitted into the narrative at the place where they are thought to have been written. The Epistles have been inserted into the Book of Acts in a like manner.
Praktiese wenke vir jong Christene.
Practical tips for young Christians.
by Rev. R. A. Torrey
Questions to ask when reading the Bible.
Vrae om te vra wanneer jy die Bybel lees.